The most vivid example of the biological determinism is the theory of Cesare Lombroso. Lombroso stated that men are more inclined to commit crimes due to the conservatism and the narrow-mindedness of their interests. Those who didn't follow God were known as heretics and this following led to the connection of church and state where torture or execution could happen to anyone that the government thought to be evil or a part of witchcraft.
No morality is a guarantee of the future anti-social criminal behaviour. Click here to buy a custom term paper. Among the biological theories the XYY syndrome occupies a special place, as it analyzes why males are more often subjects to become criminals due to the presence if an extra Y chromosome.
In a study done by Ken Tunnell, he concluded that criminals do not evaluate the negative consequences of their actions. The psychological trait theory is an example of these theories that explain crime through focusing on individual traits.
In order Criminology psychological theories essay make any concrete conclusions on any of these theories it is necessary to analyze them and their contribution in criminology.
Anomie and Strain theories suggest that inequality among different groups of people causes crime because of the oppression faced among many different groups of people.
They also give reasons for why some criminals do what they do. The Classical School of criminology is a theory about evolving from a capital punishment type of view to more humane ways of punishing people.
Also such diseases as Organic Brain Syndrome, ADD or hormonal changes according to the biological theories play a very important role in the inclination to any criminal activities.
In its turn this negative identity when possessed by a person make him want to show it out and he most common way to do it is to rebel against everything. These characteristics include defiance, impulsiveness, hostility, resentment, suspicion, extroversion, distrust of authority, poor individual skills, mental instability, narcissism, and ambivalence.
Nevertheless, these theories have a right to exist and there was a lot of important information that was used in terms of the development of criminology as a science. In order to make any concrete conclusions on any of these theories it is necessary to analyze them and their contribution in criminology.
Researchers looking for a single explanation should be cautious, because there is no panacea for the problem of crime. The most vivid example of the biological determinism is the theory of Cesare Lombroso. In actuality, the question of why crime is committed is very difficult to answer. Generally, young people with low intelligence quotient perform poorly in school.
At the same time, why is crime present in our society? As this syndrome is in the first place associated with the low IQ-level of such males which seems to be a much better explanation. In the present time there is no assertive evidence of the fact, that the physical constitution and other biological factors cause criminality.
However, for centuries, people have been searching for answers Jacoby, Introduction Why do individuals commit crimes? Many of the theories of Critical Criminology reject the solutions to short-term solutions that make tougher laws and the increasing use of prisons.
Subcultural and Learning theories suggest that crime is caused by learning and conforming to deviant subcultures values.
This theory was originated by Sigmund Freud —the founder of psychoanalysis. However, when a crime is committed, advocates of psychodynamic theory would suggest that an individual committed a crime because he or she has an underdeveloped superego.
Behavioral theorists have expanded the work of Gabriel Tarde through behavior modeling and social learning. Biological and Psychological Theories of Deviance 6.
Psychological theories in criminology The main idea of the psychological theories is that potential criminal behavior is the result of stable psychological trait of a person. Nevertheless, the biological and the psychological theories are the ones most spread and their contradiction constantly results in numerous arguments between the supporters of both of the theories.Psychological and biological theories are categorized as positivist theories in regard to their approach in offering explanation of the cause of a crime.
The two theories explain causes of crime from the perspective of an individual composition. Criminology Psychological Theories Essay - Social Psychology is a field that attempts understated how thoughts, behavior and feelings are influenced by the implied presence, actual or imagined presence of others.
Psychological and biological theories are categorized as positivist theories in regard to their approach in offering explanation of the cause of a crime. The two theories explain causes of crime from the perspective of an individual composition.
In this paper I am going to discuss a biological and psychological theory of crime and to differentiate between the two perspectives, highlighting the advantages and disadvantages of each. The purpose of this assignment is to critically assess the strengths and weakness of various criminological theories.
Information on criminological theory in criminological theory, in this essay on psychological and crime and criminology papers. Sociological theories of crime essays Darrell steffensmeier received his work of.
Theories within radical criminology argue that conflict promotes crime by creating a social atmosphere in which law is a form of social control controlling dissatisfied members of society, whilst the affluent maintain their power.Download